UNESCO publishes Pérez Tornero’s proposals on education and encourage critical thinking in the media


UNESCO launched in early July the publication "Media and Information Literacy Curriculum for Teachers". The publication is a pioneer. It explains the organization, because it looks towards the future based on current trends towards media convergence on a single platform. It presents at the same time, Media and Information Literacy in a comprehensive manner. In addition, the document has been specifically designed for  teachers to be integrated into the formal education system. The publication, authored by Carolyn Wilson, Alton Grizzle, Ramon Tuazon, Kwame Akyempong and Cheung Chi-Kim, includes a number of the proposals made by Jose Manuel Pérez Tornero, academic and general secretary of Mentor, in the publication "Teacher Training Curricula for Media and Information Literacy" that was presented in  the meeting of the UNESCO expert group in Paris in 2008.

In that document, Pérez Tornero developed a curriculum model with theoretical and practical content. The first part sought to explain what is Media and Information Literacy and basic concepts associated with it, and address the key elements of communication and information. Moreover, it proposes the use of information and the media through critical thinking and independent. UNESCO's new publication adopts that view and includes among the main topics of the curriculum the critically evaluating information, "in the context and broad context of its production".

Among the skills that secondary school students should acquire is the appropriate criteria for the selection, validation and contrast sources, according to Pérez Tornero. This aspect is also highlighted by UNESCO's new book, which sets the goal of examining and comparing information from various sources to evaluate issues such as validity, accuracy, authority, and prejudice.

The first part of the publication, which will be translated into several languages -including Spanish, provides the curriculum and competency framework for Media and Information Literacy. This section, which gives an overview of the basic curriculum design and the main issues is a complementary instrument to the Convention ICT Competency Framework for Teachers, (UNESCO 2008). The second part of the document includes a classification of basic and non-core modules for teachers.